TMJ treatment is important for relieving pain and addressing the effects of jaw and teeth misalignment.
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ) is a group of conditions that affect the jaw muscles, nerves and temporomandibular joint on either one or both sides of the head. The discomfort and pain associated with TMJ disorders can be either constant or intermittent, may last for many years and can be severe.
The temporomandibular joint rotates and slides in front of the ears on both sides of the head. The joint is composed of the lower jaw, or mandible, and the temporal bone of the skull.
There are three recognized TMJ conditions. Myofacial pain is the most common condition. People suffering from this form of TMJ may experience pain and discomfort in the muscles related to jaw movement. Other types of TMJ conditions include internal derangement, which may be caused by a dislocated jaw or displaced disc in the joint of the jaw, and arthritis, which involves inflammatory and degenerative joint conditions. Over 10 million Americans suffer from one of these conditions.
Our Centreville dental practice is experienced at treating and correcting TMJ conditions. Most TMJ treatments can be done at home and do not require surgery.
Appliance therapy uses a splint or mouth guard to reduce stress on the jaw, cover the interferences that affect the bit and encourage the optimal functioning of muscles. The dentist can fit a custom appliance to improve the bite and allow the lower mandible to rest properly in the temporomandibular joint socket.
Occlusal equilibration therapy is another treatment option for TMJ. This appliance reshapes the teeth's biting surfaces and eliminates interferences so the mandible can properly close.
Relief from pain is generally achieved when the proper functioning of the muscles is restored. Many patients find immediate relief from appliance or occlusal equilibration therapies.
If the TMJ disorder does not respond to these conservative treatment options or is a result of a structural disorder, more advanced treatment may be necessary. An intra-oral appliance or surgery may be required to treat these cases, but most patients respond positively to more conservative treatments.
We look forward to the opportunity to serve you and if we can be of service, or if you would like to request an appointment, please contact us by email.